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Salinity tolerance in tomato: implications of potassium, calcium, and phosphorus. -- p. 2749-2760

Autor:
Satti, S.M.E. Al Yahyai, R.A.

Pie de Imprenta:
Communications in soil science and plant analysis USA. Vol. 26, no. 1718 1995.

Descripción:
ANATOMIA DE LA PLANTA. COMPOSICION APROXIMADA. DESARROLLO BIOLOGICO. DIMENSIONES. ELEMENTOS METALICOS. PRODUCTOS QUIMICOS INORGANICOS. LYCOPERSICON. METALES ALCALINOS. METALES ALCALINOTERREOS. ELEMENTOS NO METALICOS. ORGANOS DE LAS PLANTAS. PROPIEDADES ELECTRICAS. PROPIEDADES FISICOQUIMICAS. RENDIMIENTO. SOLANACEAE. TAXA .

Resumen:
The effect of salinity on the growth and yield of tomato plants and mineral composition of tomato leaves was studied. Five tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) cultivars, Pearson, Strain B, Montecarlo, Tropic, and Marikit, were grown in sand nutrient culture. The nutrient solutions applied consisted of a modified half-strength Hoagland solution with 50 mM sodium chloride (NaCl), 3 mM potassium sulphate (K2SO4), 1.5 mM orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4), and 10 mM calcium sulphate (CaSO4). Stem height and number of leaves of tomato plants were not found to be significantly different but leaf and stem dry weight were reduced significantly in plants irrigated with saline nutrient solution in contrast with control plants. The total yield was reduced in plants that received saline treatments, but there was no significant difference in fruit number and fruit set percentage. The fruit electrical conductivity and total soluble solids were increased in plants irrigated with saline nutrient solution. Fruit pH was not found to be significantly different among salinity treatments. Mineral composition of tomato leaves were increased by addition of potassium (K), phosphorus (P), and calcium (Ca) to the saline nutrient solution. The addition of K to the solution resulted in an increase in sodium (Na) leaf content. The amounts of K and magnesium (Mg) were not significantly different among salinity treatments. Calcium content was increased when CaSO4 was added. Application of H3PO4 resulted in the highest amount of P in tomato leaves under saline conditions. The present study revealed that application of K, P, and Ca under saline conditions improved fruit electrical conductivity and total soluble solids. Sufficiency levels of the mineral nutrients K and P were obtained in tomato leaves when the appropriate nutrient was used in the saline solution.

Ubicación:
HEM.

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